Special Education: Preschool Program
Preschool Program for
Early Childhood Special Education
Radford City Schools Preschool Program for Early Childhood Special Education serves children, ages 2 through 5, who have developmental delays.
"Developmental Delay" means a disability affecting a child ages two by September 30 through six, inclusive: (34 CFR 300.8(b);[ 34 CFR 300.306(b)])
(i) Who is experiencing developmental delays, as measured by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures, in one or more of the following areas: physical development, cognitive development, communication development, social or emotional development, or adaptive development, or (ii) who has an established physical or mental condition that has a high probability of resulting in developmental delay;
The delay(s) is not primarily a result of cultural factors, environmental or economic disadvantage, or limited English proficiency; and
The presence of one or more documented characteristics of the delay has an adverse affect on educational performance and makes it necessary for the student to have specially designed instruction to access and make progress in the general educational activities for this age group.
Radford City Schools offers a center based, reverse inclusion preschool program for general and special education preschool students. In addition, special education services are provided to identified students through home based services. The types of services provided depend upon our students’ needs. Services can be provided at daycare, Headstart or other childcare sites if appropriate. Children who have been identified as being eligible for Special Education and Related services between ages 2 through 5 are eligible to receive these services. If you are interested in finding out more about your child attending the reverse inclusion Preschool Program please feel free to contact Dr. Michael Brown, principal at: [email protected] or call 540-267-3239
Rachel Waff will be our three year old center based preschool teacher. Rachel is an experienced preschool teacher transferring to RCPS from Roanoke City. Students participating in the three year old class will attend Mrs. Waff’s class Monday through Friday from 9:00 AM until 12:30 PM. Our three year old students will have both a breakfast and lunch period during their time at McHarg. Students may pack their breakfast and/or lunch or may purchase a breakfast and/or lunch from the school cafeteria. We do ask that you prepare your child to participate in each of these meals as they are both social experiences in which valuable interaction will occur.
Karen Radford will be our four year old preschool teacher. Children participating in the four year old class will attend Mrs. Radford’s class Monday through Friday from 9:00 AM until 2:00 PM. As with our three year old class, Mrs. Radford’s students will have both a breakfast and lunch period during their time at McHarg. Students may pack their breakfast and/or lunch or may purchase a breakfast and/or lunch from the school cafeteria. We do ask that you prepare your child to participate in each of these meals as they are both social experiences in which valuable interaction will occur.
All children develop differently. No child really develops according to a specific "clock". As a result, developmental timing may vary from child to child. There are certain guidelines or principals that can be followed. Be very cautious in becoming overly anxious because your child did not "reach" a specific task at a given time. If you have any concerns about your child's developmental pattern contact your pediatrician or the Radford City Schools' preschool teacher or school psychologist who will be more than happy to evaluate your particular situation.
The following are general milestones in child development. If you notice difficulties in your child attaining these milestones, you may want to consider further investigation.
24 to 30 months:
- Jumps; runs; kicks a ball; walks up and down stairs
- Employs hand skills; turns pages one at a time, can help to dress and undress self, turns door knob and unscrews lids, can feed self well with spoon
- Experiments with language skills; can speak in short sentences
- Begins to name objects in books; uses many new words
- Shows understanding; can pay attention to activities for longer periods of time, knows some colors, points to parts of the body, can say first name
- Begins to ask to use toilet during the day
- Plays with other children, usually for short periods of time, with little sharing of toys
30 to 36 months:
- Walks upstairs; begins to balance on one foot; like to ride tricycle
- Employs hand skill; puts shoes on (no lacing); begins to copy simple shapes, cuts with scissors, brushes teeth with help
- Experiments with language skills; says first and last name, knows whether he/she is a boy/girl, repeats some nursery rhymes
- Knows difference between big and little, follows two or three directions, begins to count
- Naps start to disappear
- Plays more with other children
3 to 4 years:
- Walks and runs well; has good balance
- Employs hand skills; catches a large ball, begins to copy some capital letters, draws circles, crosses, and squares
- Exhibits self-help skills; washes and dries self, brushes teeth, dresses and undresses self (including buttons)
- Tells you of toilet need
- Experiments with language skills; talks about experiences, makes up stories, asks many questions (why, what, where)
- Names colors
- Plays well with other children (takes turns)
- Shows understanding; knows difference between part and whole, same and different, begins to understand ideas of past, present, and future. May count from 1 to 10
- Interested in new experiences; more independent
4 to 5 years:
- Skips, hops, swings, climbs, somersaults
- Employs self-help skills; dresses self completely (laces shoes, combs hair), serves self at table, uses fork, spoon, and sometimes knife, almost always cares for own toilet needs
- Experiments with language; uses full sentences, tells longer stories
- Says name and address
- Shows understanding; has knowledge of events in time such as "yesterday," "next summer," "when you grow up"
- Knows about things used everyday in the home such as money, foods, appliances and furniture
- Social skills; plays games with older children and can agree to rules. Likes to sing, dance & act. Shows more independence (may visit a neighbor by self)
- Interested in physical differences between boys and girls
From Parents' Complete Special Education Guide, Pierangelo & Jacoby, 1996, Center for Applied Research in Education