Use these questions to make flash cards for each chapter.
Around a Round World-SOL US1.1g and SOL US1.2
What is a large land mass surrounded by oceans?
It is a continent.
Name the continents.
What continent is not completely surrounded by water?
Europe is not surrounded by water.
To what continent is Europe connected?
It is attached to Asia.
What are the connected continents called?
It is called Eurasia.
How do scientists believe the first people arrived in North America?
They walked across the land bridge from Asia.
What is Earth's largest continent?
It is Asia.
Which continent has the oldest signs of human life?
Africa has the oldest signs.
Which continent has no permanent human life?
Antarctica only has visiting scientists.
What is the smallest continent?
Australia is the smallest.
Name the five oceans.
Where is north on a map?
North is at the top of a map.
What is half of a globe?
A hemisphere is half.
What are the imaginary lines that go east and west around the Earth?
Parallels of latitude go around the Earth.
What latitude line is 0 degrees?
The equator is the latitude line.
What are the imaginary lines that go north and south?
They are called meridians of longitude.
What line is 0 degrees longitude?
It is the Prime Meridian.
Fifty Nifty United States
Study the state flash cards to learn the location of all fifty states!
CHALLENGE #1 Learn to spell the names of all the states.
CHALLENGE #2 Learn the names of all the state capitals.
America, the Varied-SOL US1.2
What kind of land produces good crops?
Fertile land produces good crops.
What is a row of mountains?
A range is a row of mountains.
What region has rugged mountains along the Pacific Coast?
It is the Coastal Range.
What mountain ranges are a part of the Coastal Range?
They are the Sierra Nevadas and the Cascades.
What word means the height above sea level?
It is elevation.
What region has areas of different elevations?
It is the Basin and Range.
What is the lowest point in North America?
It is Death Valley.
What region has rugged mountains that stretch from Canada to Mexico?
It is the Rocky Mountains.
What feature determines the directional flow of rivers?
The Continental Divide determines the flow of rivers.
In what region do we find the Continental Divide?
It is in the Rocky Mountains.
What region has flat land that gradually increases in elevation going west?
It is the Great Plains.
In what region would we find large areas of grasslands?
Grasslands are in the Great Plains.
What region has rolling flatlands with grassy hills?
It is the Interior Lowlands.
What do we call the place where the Coastal Plain reaches the Appalachian Highlands?
It is the Piedmont.
What region has old eroded mountains?
It is the Appalachian Highlands.
What is the oldest mountain range in North America?
The Appalachian Mountains are the oldest.
What region is located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico?
It is the Coastal Plain.
What region has broad lowlands with many excellent harbors and bays?
It is the Coastal Plain.
What is the gradual wearing away of rock?
It is erosion.
What is a large body of continuously accumulating ice and compacted snow?
It is a glacier.
Which region is wrapped around Hudson Bay like a horseshoe?
It is the Canadian Shield.
What region has hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers?
It is the Canadian Shield.
Waters of Life-SOL US1.2
What word means many different forms or kinds?
Varied means different forms.
What word means communication or activity between two places?
It is interaction.
Name three things that bodies of water do for our country?
What body of water separates Europe and Africa from North and South America?
It is the Atlantic Ocean.
What do we call a person who settles in a new country?
It is an immigrant.
What body of water served as a highway for explorers, early settlers, and later immigrants?
It was the Atlantic Ocean.
What body of water separates Asia from the Americas?
It is the Pacific Ocean.
What is the Earth's largest ocean?
It is the Pacific Ocean.
What body of water served as an early exploration route?
It was the Pacific Ocean.
What do we call the five huge lakes on the border with Canada?
They are the Great Lakes.
Name the Great Lakes in order from west to east.
What grew in the Midwest along each of the Great Lakes?
Inland port cities grew in the Midwest.
What body of water was used by Spanish and French explorers?
It was the Gulf of Mexico.
What two rivers are used to transport farm and industrial products?
They are the Mississippi River and the Missouri River.
What river links United States' ports to other parts of the world?
The Mississippi River links ports.
What is the most famous river in the United States?
The Mississippi River is the most famous.
What river is called the "Gateway to the West"?
It is the Ohio River.
What is the longest river in the United States?
The Missouri River is 200 miles longer than the Mississippi River.
What river connects the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean?
It is the Saint Lawrence River.
What river forms part of the northeastern border with Canada?
The Saint Lawrence River forms the border.
What river was explored by Lewis and Clark?
They explored the Columbia River.
What river carved the Grand Canyon millions of years ago?
It is the Colorado River.
What river was explored and mapped by the Spanish?
They explored the Colorado River.
What river forms a natural border between the United States and Mexico?
The Rio Grande is the border.
What river supplies water for much of the Southwest?
The Rio Grande supplies water.
Key Geographic Features-SOL US1.1f
What influenced the course of events in United States history?
It was the land and and water features.
Name four developments led by key geographic features.
What is a stream that flows into a larger river?
A tributary flows into a larger river.
Name four water features.
What is an area of high ground with a fairly level surface?
It is a plateau.
What is land surrounded by water on three sides?
It is a peninsula.
America's First People-SOL US1.3
What is the recovery of physical artifacts such as bones, tools, and pottery from the past?
It is archaeology.
What are scientists who study human behavior and culture through the recovery of artifacts?
They are archaeologists.
Where is Cactus Hill?
It is on the Nottoway River north of Richmond, Virginia.
How long ago did humans live at Cactus Hill?
They lived there 15,000 years ago.
What are the three kinds of resources that helped the ancient people to survive?
What are natural resources?
They are things from nature like plants and animals.
Name three examples of natural resources used by Native Americans.
What are human resources?
They are people who work to make goods and services.
Name five examples of the human resources Native Americans needed to survive.
What are capital resources?
They are goods produced and used to make other goods and services.
Name three examples of capital resources Native Americans made.
How did Native Americans feel about owning land?
They believed land could not be owned.
How many Native American nations were there before the Europeans arrived?
More than 300 nations were there.
Where did the Inuit live?
They lived in Alaska and northern Canada
What was the climate where the Inuit lived?
They lived in the Arctic with below freezing temperatures much of the year.
What kind of clothes did the Inuit wear?
They were made of animal skin and fur.
What did the Inuit eat?
They ate fish, walrus, seals, caribou, and whales.
How did the Inuit make their homes?
They used whale bones covered with grass and skins.
Where did the Kwakiutl live?
They lived in the Pacific Northwest coast.
What was the climate where the Kwakiutl live?
The weather was mild and rainy.
What kind of clothes did the Kwakiutl wear?
They were made from cedar bark.
What did the Kwakiutl eat?
They are deer, moose, salmon, shellfish, berries.
How did the Kwakiutl make their homes?
They were made from large cedar trees.
How did the Kwakiutl show their family history?
They built totems.
Where did the Lakota live?
They lived on the dry grasslands of the Great Plains.
What was the climate where the Lakota lived?
The Great Plains have hot summers and cold winters.
What did the Lakota use for clothing?
They used buffalo hides.
What did the Lakota eat?
They hunted buffalo and grew corn.
What kind of homes did the Lakota have?
They built teepees made of buffalo skins.
What is a travois?
It is a sturdy A-shaped sled used for carrying belongings.
Where did the Pueblos live?
They lived in the Southwest.
What was the climate like where the Pueblos lived?
It was hot and dry in the desert.
What did the Pueblos wear?
They wore clothes made of woven cloth.
What did the Pueblos eat?
They grew corn and other crops with very little water.
What is adobe?
It is clay bricks that bake rock hard in the hot sun.
What kind of homes did the Pueblo people live in?
Their homes were tall apartment buildings made of adobe.
What are kachinas?
They are carved spirit dolls used to teach about right and wrong.
What are kivas?
They are special round rooms used for ceremonies.
Where did the Iroquois live?
They lived in the Eastern Woodlands.
What was the climate like where the Iroquois lived?
They lived in areas with cold winters and moderate summers.
What did the Iroquois wear?
They made clothes from animal skins.
What did the Iroquois eat?
They hunted forest animals and grew corn, beans, and squash.
What kind of houses did the Iroquois build?
They lived in longhouses made of wood.
What were the Great Laws of Peace?
It was a society that settled disputes.
Where do Native Americans live today?
They live in their homelands and in all parts of North America.
Gold, God, and Glory-SOL US1.4
What is navigation?
Navigation is guiding a ship from place to place.
What allowed Europeans to find the best routes to Asia?
They made new discoveries and tools for navigation.
To what did new navigational tools lead?
They lead to the Age of Exploration.
What was the most popular religion in Europe?
It was Christianity.
Name three reasons Europeans wanted to explore.
What is cultural superiority?
It is believing your way of life is better than others.
What were the economic reasons for exploring?
They wanted gold, salt, spices, and new markets for trading.
What were the religious reasons for exploring?
Europeans believed Christianity should be the only religion and they wanted to spread their faith everywhere.
What were the power reasons for exploring?
Europeans competed to grab the most land and each country believed in cultural superiority.
What is an obstacle?
An obstacle is something that prevents progress.
Name the four obstacles that the explorers faced.
What does it mean to achieve?
To achieve is to succeed in doing something.
Name three things the explorers achieved.
Name the three empires that dominated West Africa from 300 A.D. to 1600 A.D.
2. They had better weapons.
3. They brought deadly diseases.
2. They traded.
3. The Indians helped with growing crops.
2. They were in competition for trade.
3. They had differences in culture.
4. The Europeans brought diseases.
5. There were language differences.
3. boating supplies
4. metal working
5. wood working
2. grain farms
4. banks and stores
5. forest products
2. They could work for pay and spend the money the way they wanted.
2. They were born to a slave mother.